Structure learning of probabilistic logic programs by searching the clause space

Elena Bellodi and Fabrizio Riguzzi (Univ. of Ferrara, Italy)


Learning probabilistic logic programming languages is receiving an increasing attention and systems are available for learning the parameters (PRISM, LeProbLog, LFI-ProbLog and EMBLEM) or both the structure and the parameters (SEM-CP-logic and SLIPCASE) of these languages. In this paper we present the algorithm SLIPCOVER for “Structure LearnIng of Probabilistic logic programs by searChing OVER the clause space”. It performs a beam search in the space of probabilistic clauses and a greedy search in the space of theories, using the log likelihood of the data as the guiding heuristics. To estimate the log likelihood SLIPCOVER performs Expectation Maximization with EMBLEM. The algorithm has been tested on five real world datasets and compared with SLIPCASE, SEM-CP-logic, Aleph and two algorithms for learning Markov Logic Networks (Learning using Structural Motifs (LSM) and ALEPH++ExactL1). SLIPCOVER achieves higher areas under the precision-recall and ROC curves in most cases.


Bibtex (Use it for references)

journal = {Theory and Practice of Logic Programming},
publisher = {Cambridge University Press},
author = {Elena Bellodi and Fabrizio Riguzzi},
title = {Structure learning of probabilistic logic programs by searching the clause space},
volume = {15},
number = {2},
year = {2015},
pages = {169-212}


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